An Architectural Glass and Metal technician, called a Glazier, is responsible for selecting, cutting, installing, replacing, and removing all types of glass and architectural metal. Work in the glazing field can include both residential and commercial projects. Residential projects may include replacing a home’s window sash to improve energy efficiency; using various techniques and materials to incorporate good weatherization strategies; installing glass mirrors, architectural shower doors, and bathtub enclosures, glass or plastic solar panels; and fitting glass for tabletops and display cases. Commercial interior glazing projects include installing items such as heavy metal or glass decorative room dividers or security windows. Other glazing projects may involve installing storefront metal and glass for establishments such as supermarkets, auto dealerships, or banks. In the construction of large commercial buildings, glaziers fabricate architectural aluminum framework, layout and install such, weld, apply sealants and much more; using a large variety of architectural metal and glass systems.Glaziers are continuously promoting the application of green technology with the use of solar performance and sustainability in the glazing trade. The glazing trade is specifically focused on energy efficient retrofitting projects as well as the design and installation of energy efficient weatherization materials and solar technology in both residential and commercial applications.
Care must be exercised in the removal and installation of all types of glass for building fixtures and other uses. Oftentimes, the glass is precut and mounted in frames at a factory or a contractor’s shop. It arrives at the jobsite ready for glaziers to position and secure it in place. Cranes and hoists with suction cups may be used to lift large, heavy pieces of glass.
The work may have to be prepared either inside or outside a building, and scaffolding may be used in installations. Safe work habits are important in this trade. With advancements in building technology, welding skills and proper techniques are necessary to safely fasten the window system to the substrate. In order to prepare the glazier to properly perform welding techniques the glazier may be trained to the standards set forth by the American Welding Society (AWS.)
Working Conditions: Glaziers walk, bend, lift, crouch, climb, kneel and stand for long periods of time. Some of the lifting is heavy (maximum 75 lbs.). Glaziers also use hoists and/or cranes and move heavy material with various dollies and trucks.
Recommended Courses: Algebra, geometry, blueprint reading, drafting, metal shop.
Terms of Apprenticeship: 4 years on the job training and a minimum of 160 hours per year of related classroom instruction.
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